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You’re thinking of buying an SLR camera, but you’re not sure which model to choose.
Don’t worry, you’re not the first person to be faced with this dilemma.
It’s a choice for life.
To make it easier for you, we have prepared this article full of information that will interest you.
In it, you will be able to learn about the most important aspects of the exciting world of reflex cameras or better known as “professionals”.
In this way, you will discover all the advantages they offer and, of course, also their disadvantages.
In addition, we will provide you with a series of purchase criteria so that you can make a decision with as much information as possible.
- 1 The most important
- 2 The best reflex cameras on the market: our recommendations
- 3 Shopping guide: What you should know about SLR cameras
- 3.1 What exactly are SLR cameras?
- 3.2 How do they work?
- 3.3 What are the advantages and disadvantages of SLRs?
- 3.4 Is it worth buying an SLR camera?
- 3.5 What is the importance of the lens of an SLR camera?
- 3.6 What modes are available?
- 3.7 What types of stabilizers do SLRs use?
- 3.8 What accessories are needed for an SLR camera?
- 3.9 What care do they require?
- 4 Purchase criteria
- 5 Summary
The most important
- SLR cameras allow you to take higher quality photos than compact cameras, as they offer greater control over the various parameters to be set when capturing an image. However, they are much more complicated to operate and their price is also higher.
- Given their magnificent performance, they are ideal for both amateur photographers with advanced knowledge and for those who wish to start in professional photography.
- As important or more important than the body of the camera is the lens you use. Often, the lens that comes standard with the camera is a fairly basic piece of equipment, so over time you may want to get a better quality one.
The best reflex cameras on the market: our recommendations
Below is a selection of cameras based on different types of users.
Within this section you will find different types of reflex cameras that offer an excellent quality-price ratio.
Photographers' favorite reflex camera
The Nikon D850 FX is excellence made device. It has nothing less than: 45.4 megapixels.
The best when combining speed, detail and precision.
It also has a 9 fps (frames per second) shot with full resolution.
It also has an incredible autofocus and a battery with 1840 captures per charge.
It has a 35.9 mm x 23.9 mm CMOS FX image sensor for better image capture.
In addition, its ISO capability ranges from 64 to 25,600 with automatic ISO sensitivity control.
Where to buy
The easiest reflex camera to use
For this occasion we find a Canon EOS Rebel T6, ideal for those users who want to enter the world of photography.
Its format is APS-C (Advanced Photo System type-C) with an 18 megapixel CMOS sensor and a DIGIC 5 image processor.
Within its ISO range, it has a range of 100 – 12,800 (expandable to 25,600). And with a multi-tap system for image noise reduction.
It also has a Wifi and NFC connection, as well as short-range wireless technology for sharing your photos on social networks or with friends.
Where to buy
The perfect reflex camera for videos
If you’re looking to capture moving scenes during your travels, this Canon may be a good choice.
It features a 45-point autofocus system, all cross-type that gives you freedom of focus, resulting in greater accuracy and control.
It’s perfect for keeping up with the action and making recreational videos.
It features continuous shooting at up to 7 frames per second.
And its capacity is 24.2 MP with a DIGIC processor that records videos at up to 1080p resolution. It’s a perfect combination of the highest technology.
Where to buy
Users' favourite camera online
A camera that, although it does not have a power like the previous ones, is one of the most sold. The Canon EOS 80d has a function that is oriented to capture movement.
It has two DIGIC 6 processors for fast response and its autofocus area is 65 cross points to fix details.
Its capacity is 20 megapixels, which is no obstacle for this wonder to be used in nature, motor sports, urban photography and even in the worst lighting conditions. It is very versatile.
Where to buy
Shopping guide: What you should know about SLR cameras
When buying an extra camera, it is essential that you consider a number of important issues.
Don’t forget that there are different camera models, and that each one is designed for a different use.
For this reason, in this section we aim to answer the most common questions.
What exactly are SLR cameras?
Reflex cameras are a type of camera with which it is possible to directly observe the scene to be photographed through an optical viewfinder without parallax error.
This error occurs when the image displayed by the viewfinder does not match the image in focus.
These are characterized by a mirror that reflects (reflex, hence the name) the light coming through the lens and transmits it to the optical viewfinder by means of a prism.
Their main advantage is that what is seen is what will appear in the photograph. In addition, they also allow you to capture higher quality images.
How do they work?
The basis for the operation of SLR cameras is a mirror that moves when the picture is shot and that defines the path that light can take inside the camera.
Under normal conditions, the mirror in front of the shutter is tilted at 45°, diverting light to a pentaprism and from there to the viewfinder.
When the picture is taken, the mirror is positioned horizontally and allows light to pass through to the sensor.
At that time, the lens aperture is closed and the shutter is opened to allow the sensor to be exposed to light.
The shutter then closes, the aperture reopens, and the mirror returns to its initial position.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of SLRs?
As this is a more precise and quality photographic equipment, it also implies that there are certain uses that cannot be done like common cameras.
To better illustrate this, let’s look at the following chart:
- They have a larger viewfinder, so better quality photographs are achieved.
- They allow for greater control. You can adjust shutter speed, aperture, ISO and white balance.
- There’s no delay between the time you shoot and the time it’s taken.
- In low light, SLRs let you capture images with less noise.
Start-up is almost immediate, so you don’t miss a chance to capture the moment.
- They’re much more ergonomic and comfortable to use.
- They usually include a RAW format, consisting of a raw file.
- They are much heavier and larger.
They’re more delicate, so they require more care.
- They are certainly not suitable for use in extreme situations.
- Because of their functionality and performance, they are usually more expensive than compact cameras.
- The price of lenses is also usually quite high.
Is it worth buying an SLR camera?
If you are a passionate photographer or a semi-professional, you probably have the answer.
In our opinion, it’s worth it.
Especially if you have the knowledge to make the most of a camera as accurate as an SLR.
The difference in the quality of the photographs is considerable.
Thanks to their powerful sensors, professional or reflex cameras are recommended for all those who want to take high quality photographs.
More specifically, they are ideal for amateur photographers with advanced knowledge and for those who want to make the leap to professional photography.
What is the importance of the lens of an SLR camera?
One thing is clear: after the camera, the lens is the most important element of a photographer’s equipment.
Some say it’s even more important than the camera itself.
It is important because it is the first place light passes through. In addition, the light undergoes changes and alterations along the way.
Thus, the lens is a key element when taking pictures.
That’s why it’s important to choose a good quality lens.
Keep in mind that most of the lenses that come standard with cameras are usually pretty basic.
What modes are available?
Virtually all cameras of this type allow you to choose between different modes of use.
So you can distinguish between an automatic mode, a number of predefined modes, manual and semi-manual modes.
The preset modes are programmed to be used under specific circumstances.
The last two modes allow you to enjoy full control of the camera.
Of course, they are also the most complicated to use.
In order to use them correctly, you need to master at least some basic concepts.
However, it is with the manual mode that you can achieve the most impressive pictures.
What types of stabilizers do SLRs use?
Image stabilization is necessary to correct possible camera movement.
These movements can be voluntary or small camera vibrations.
Normally, stabilization is necessary in two situations: when using a slow shutter speed or when using telephoto lenses.
In these circumstances, failure to properly stabilize the image may result in a blurred or “jagged” picture.
To correct this type of situation, SLR cameras can use two image stabilization systems: the optical stabilizer or the mechanical stabilizer.
What accessories are needed for an SLR camera?
To get the most out of your pro camera, you’ll need a number of extra accessories.
Depending on your needs, some may be essential from the moment you buy the camera, while others can be added to your computer little by little.
Among the former, you’ll probably find memory cards and, of course, a good lens to replace the default one.
From there, other accessories you should consider are tripods, external flashes, filters, extra batteries and even external triggers.
What care do they require?
As we have already mentioned, professional cameras are very precise, but also delicate equipment.
Firstly, it is important to store the camera in a bag or backpack specifically designed to protect it from moisture and dirt.
In addition, it is recommended that you use the camera with a neck strap, so you can avoid falling.
It is necessary to clean the sensor of the reflex camera frequently.
This can be done by a service technician or by yourself.
In the latter case, you should be very careful not to damage the equipment.
And don’t forget to take care of the battery.
If you are not going to use the camera for a while, it is better to remove it.
When it comes to buying a professional camera, it is important that you take into account a number of purchasing criteria.
And as we know about the importance of this decision, we have prepared some of what we consider to be important criteria.
We hope that they will serve as a guide for you to acquire the one that
This is certainly the first criterion you should consider.
It is important to consider whether you really need a professional camera.
Or if you are going to use it in automatic mode and mainly to keep some memories of your holidays, you may be interested in another type of camera.
If you are buying an SLR camera to get started in the world of professional photography, it is important that you choose equipment designed especially for beginners.
However, if you need it for a more specific use, you will probably be looking for a camera with many features and that offers you more control.
In a way, the sensor is the soul of a camera, since it is the element responsible for capturing the light. In your case, size is a key aspect.
The larger the sensor, the more information it will receive and the better the quality of the image.
But keep in mind that it’s a very delicate element.
Nowadays, most professional cameras integrate the APS-C sensor, used mainly by Canon, Nikon and Sony, or the 4/3 sensor, used by Olympus, Panasonic, Leica and Kodak.
However, some cameras have the full-frame sensor (35 mm).
This is a larger sensor and is usually available on professional equipment.
When we talk about resolution in cameras, we often talk about megapixels (MP).
In general, the more megapixels, the higher the resolution and the more detail the image will have.
However, the quality of the image does not depend only on this factor.
As explained above, the size of the sensor is equally important.
Thus, a camera with a larger sensor will offer a larger area per pixel and therefore more quality and sensitivity.
In any case, you should also bear in mind that a photograph with more megapixels will take up more size.
In the same way that a camera with a higher resolution will mean a greater investment.
The ISO value of a camera indicates the sensitivity of the sensor to light.
With a high value, around 3,200, you can take pictures in low light conditions.
Conversely, a lower ISO value, around 100, is ideal for taking pictures in good light conditions.
However, a very high ISO value leads to much more noise in the image, so it is convenient to use it properly.
As we have already seen, the more light there is, the lower ISO sensitivity can be used.
So, a wider ISO range will allow you to enjoy more options.
Viewer and display
With the viewfinder of the camera we can see the picture before capturing the image, hence its importance.
The optical viewfinder will allow you to see what you are going to photograph thanks to a system of mirrors that reflect the image.
The screen or electronic viewfinder will show you the image on an LCD or OLED screen.
Not all viewfinders are the same.
There is a big difference between them. The size and clarity of the image can vary greatly depending on the model.
So it’s a good idea to try before you choose the camera you’re going to buy.
In the end, it will have a major influence on the images you capture.
Increasingly, reflex cameras have the ability to record high-definition video.
This extra option is always available. In that case, you should check which resolution does it: HD, Full HD or 4K.
Our advice is that you should at least record in Full HD quality.
The best known professional camera brands are Canon and Nikon. Besides them, Sony and Pentax are also quite prestigious manufacturers and offer very good quality cameras.
In any case, what you have to be clear about is that once you choose a brand you are probably linked to it for life.
This is because the accessories and complements you buy will only be compatible with that brand.
Although, as in almost everything in life, there are always exceptions.
Brands like Sigma or Tamron have lenses that are compatible with Canon and Nikon equipment, with the advantage that they have a lower price.
With professional or reflex cameras it is possible to take much higher quality pictures.
They offer greater control over the various parameters to be taken into account when capturing an image.
This is an advantage because they are not as accessible or easy to use as compact cameras.
Similarly, choosing the right SLR camera is not an easy task.
Issues such as usage, manufacturer, sensor, resolution and ISO sensitivity need to be considered.
To make it easier for you, in this guide we have made a detailed analysis of all of them and some more.
Finally, if you consider that this article has been useful in your election process, you can leave us some comments or share it through the different social networks.
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